Editor’s Note: The following is a report by ABC News looking at the impact of widespread layoffs in Elkhart, Ind,, that have pushed the unemployment rate to 10.7% percent.
Welcome to Elkhart, Ind. – ground zero for America’s unemployment troubles.
A year ago, this northern Indiana community was prospering, with unemployment hovering at just 4.4%. But this summer the recession hit, and it hit hard.
Several big recreational vehicle manufacturers slashed jobs. Then their suppliers followed with their own layoffs. Unemployment has now reached 10.7% – that’s nearly one out of every nine people without work.
Nowhere else in America has the unemployment rate jumped so high so fast.
“Our plant just closed down,” said Ed Neufeldt, who lost his job with RV manufacturer Monaco Coach Corp. on Sept. 17. “They just closed the doors.”
Based on ABCNews.com calculations of data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Elkhart’s unemployment rate jumped 143% in the past 12 months, the highest increase of any community in the country.
After 32 years with Monaco, Neufeldt finds himself on unemployment, searching for a new job when most local companies are laying people off.
“We were one of the big corporations around the area. The building was one of the biggest buildings in northern Indiana,” Neufeldt said. “When it shut down, it was a big shock to everyone.”
When his unemployment runs out, Neufeldt said he hopes to find a job “washing dishes or sweeping floors or something.”
To pass the time and give something back to his community, Neufeldt and other unemployed RV workers are helping a local homeless shelter gut and renovate a building for an expansion.
“I wanted something to do. I wanted the fellowship,” he said. “We’ve all took a big loss in our 401(k) and we don’t have jobs and stuff. It seems like we’re happy up here.”
The Faith Mission homeless shelter, where Neufeldt and other unemployed workers are volunteering, currently has 136 beds. Their work will allow the shelter to add another 20.
“To see these people who don’t have a roof over their head – they don’t have a job either – they’re really down,” Neufeldt said. “That just lifts your spirits up and you think to yourself, man I’ve got it pretty good after all, even though I don’t have a job.”
Dorinda Heiden-Guss, president of the Economic Development Corporation of Elkhart County, said that the RV industry had been devastated by high gas prices and then a tightening of credit to buy the large vehicles. “It’s discretionary income being spent on larger-priced items,” she said.
More than 480 companies in the area have let go one or more employee, she said.
Donnie Gaut worked for 13 years at RV maker Travel Supreme Corp. before losing his job in April.
“I’ve been job hunting and haven’t found anything,” Gaut said. “It’s just been such a blessing to be able to help other people out. You don’t think about your situation.”
Monday night his wife learned that her company will close, and she will likely lose her job.
“What really helps me out the most is having trust in God and believing he will provide. That’s what carries me through every day as far keeping joy in my heart and peace in my mind,” Gaut said. “It’s what we need around this area right now because every week you hear about somebody else shutting down.”
Like many other communities around the country, Elkhart has had to adapt to a recession that is looking longer and deeper each week.
The local chamber of commerce just launched a new “Buy Local” campaign, telling residents that patronizing area businesses is one way to help fight off further local job losses.
Ultimately, thanks to the county’s location near a major interstate highway and the highly entrepreneurial spirit of the residents, Heiden-Guss thinks there will be a strong recovery.
“This economy,” Heiden-Guss said, “is probably the first hit and typically the first to recover.”
And there has been some recent bright news.
Jean E. Perrin, who heads the work force and economic development program at Ivy Tech Community College, says that since September more than 800 people have met with her academic advising team, looking for ways to learn new skill sets. They are taking advantage of $13 million in job-training grants given to the region. Some are trying to go into health care and others are learning more advanced manufacturing skills.
“It’s not only an economic issue. It’s also an emotional issue for people,” Perrin said. “A lot of these people have worked in the RV industry for a number of years. I’ve been really impressed by people’s spirit in a really adverse situation.”